Tuesday, November 29, 2011

International Online Dispute Resolution

Commercial transactions have transborder ramifications. A person resident in country A may purchase a good from country B and make payment to country C. If a dispute occurs due to defect or impropriety of such good, multiple jurisdictions are involved. This makes the dispute resolution procedure costly, time consuming and highly unproductive.

These days’ alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms are considered more favourably than traditional litigation methods for resolving various commercial disputes. Further, with growing use of information and communication technology (ICT), online dispute resolution can also be an effective mode of dispute resolution.

However, International response to online dispute resolution (ODR) is still lukewarm. ODR has been increasingly seen as a good and viable option for commercial disputes resolutions. However, adoption of ODR at the national and international level is still not satisfactory.

Online dispute resolution (ODR) and international response is though improving yet international organisations like United Nations have to play a more pro active role in this regard. United Nations and online dispute resolution has seen a significant development in the recent past and more is expected in this regard. Similarly, ODR must be supplemented by other judicial technological innovative mechanisms like electronic courts.

Online dispute resolution in India is still in its infancy stage. ADR and ODR services in India are still evolving. Naturally, online dispute resolution services in India are still evolving. We have very few online dispute resolution centers in India. Further, Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) is the sole techno legal ADR and ODR services provider in India.

Similarly, e-courts in India have still not been developed. Of course, we have computerised some courts in India but mere computerisation of courts is not establishment of e-courts. A successful establishment of e-court in India requires managing all traditional litigation related issues in an online environment that is presently missing in India. Further, training of e-court staff is also required. We have a single techno legal e-courts training and consultancy centre of India and world wide managed by PTLB.

Clearly, ODR and e-courts need to be developed further at both national and international levels. Although work in these directions is in progress yet we need to increase the speed at which these developments are taking place. But the future of ODR and e-courts is definitely bright and they must be adopted and used at both national and international level.

Monday, November 28, 2011

International Response To Online Dispute Resolution

Internationally dispute resolution for commercial transactions is increasingly seen as an important aspect before starting any business venture at a particular jurisdiction. If a nation has bad reputation for dispute resolution through traditional litigation, foreign direct investment in and business development of that nation is adversely affected.

Online dispute resolution (ODR) is growingly seen as an effective alternative dispute resolution mechanism world over. Traditional litigation methods are time consuming, expensive and unproductive. ODR is not only speedier but is also economical and effective.

Online dispute resolution in India is still in its infancy stage. This is so because even the alternative dispute resolution in India is not free from troubles and procedural formalities.

However, success of ODR in India is still doubtful. To be successful, ODR in India needs urgent rejuvenation. This has happened because legal enablement of ICT systems in India is missing. ADR and ODR services in India are still evolving. There are very few ODR service providers in India.

Naturally, online dispute resolution services in India are still evolving. We have very few online dispute resolution centers in India. Further, Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) is the sole techno legal ADR and ODR services provider in India.

Techno legal ODR services have become necessary due to growing use of information technology for business and commercial purposes world over. For instance, ODR and cross border e-commerce transactions are also interrelated. Similar is the case regarding dispute resolution of cross border technology transactions.

Similarly Online dispute resolution in Asia is still evolving. Online dispute resolution in Asian countries is largely confined to a single or two countries that also to a limited extent. Clearly online dispute resolution standards of practice for India and Asia need to be developed urgently.

However, nothing can strengthen ODR more than international efforts and international coordination activities. International legal standards for online dispute resolution (ODR) and international harmonisation of ODR is urgently required.

United Nations can play am important role in international development and international harmonisation of ODR. United Nations and online dispute resolution are closely related in this regard. In fact, UNCITRAL, ODR and India are interconnected.

Thus, it is clear that whether it is India, Asia, Europe, United States or any other international country or territory, ODR would play a very important role in effective, economical and speedier dispute resolution. Of course, United Nations has to play a more pro active role in this regard at the international level.

Thursday, November 24, 2011

Dispute Resolution In Technology Transactions

Technology transactions are being entered into and transacted world over. These technology transactions have global impact and global ramifications. However, when it comes to disputes resolution, global transactions have their own problems.

Since there are numerous jurisdictions involved in technology transactions, it is always better to decide in advance the resolution method of any possible future technology transactions disputes.

Dispute resolution of cross border technology transactions is a complicated process if we adopt traditional litigation methods to resolve them. Dispute resolution in technology transactions and dealings requires an effective, timely and cost effective mechanism. Traditional litigation is definitely not the place to achieve these objectives.

Obviously, we need an effective alternative to traditional litigation methods to resolve cross border technology transactions and dispute resolutions. Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms like arbitration, conciliation, mediation, etc can be used effectively to resolve these technology transactions disputes.

However, even ADR has its own limitations as compared to technology driven dispute resolution mechanisms. These days online dispute resolution (ODR) is increasingly considered as a viable option for resolving various disputes. Technology transactions disputes can be effectively resolved using ODR techniques.

For instance, online dispute resolution (ODR) for cross border e-commerce transactions is already been used to resolved small value disputes. Very soon ODR may be extended for high value disputes and other category of disputes. Similarly, domain name disputes resolution is also effectively resolved through ODR mechanism by many individuals and organisations world over.

ODR at the international level needs to be strengthened. For this we need an international harmonisation of ODR legal framework as well as suitable policies at the national level. Efforts in this direction have already been undertaken at the international level and very soon we may see some development in this regard.